CONFINED SPACE ENTRY TRAINING: CONSTRUCTION & GENERAL INDUSTRY
OSHA CONFINED SPACE CONSTRUCTION | CONFINED SPACE TRAINING | CONFINED SPACE ENTRY SUPERVISOR
Those employees working in confined spaces, areas of limited space, and accessibility, are the right people to take up this training course. Confined spaces could be those that have a potential for a specific hazard to be present, allowance for only one person to perform a task assigned, restricted means of entry and exit, or those areas that are not designed for continuous occupancy. Examples of those areas are: inside of a fluid storage tank or boiler, a utility tunnel, a septic tank with contained sewage, etc.
CONFINED SPACE ENTRY TRAINING 8 HOURS (CONSTRUCTION)
CONFINED SPACE ENTRY TRAINING 8 HOURS (GENERAL INDUSTRY)
CONFINED SPACES & PERMIT REQUIRED CONFINED SPACES (GENERAL INDUSTRY)
CONFINED SPACE ENTRY (CONSTRUCTION)
WHAT IS CONFINED SPACE ENTRY TRAINING?
Confined Space Entry Training is based on permit-required confined space standards on the OSHA 1910.146. Along with the characteristics listed above, permit-required confined spaces may have one of the following or more:
The potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere contains material that may have the potential for engulfing an entrant, has an internal configuration that can trap an entrant, or may contain any serious safety or health hazard.
Employees working in the following line of work should seek to take up this training:
- Construction Industry
- Petrochemical Industry
- Oil and Gas Industry
- Manufacturing Industry
- Utility and Specialty Industry
The learning outcome of the course is:
- Identifying confined space
- Use of proper equipment
- Hazard training and personnel requirements
- Permit-required space program
- Rescue and Emergency services
- OSHA regulations
Confinement may be partial, where entry is restricted and there is ample space for an entrant to take protective measures. To qualify as a confined space the space must have limited means of entry or exit. A confined space typically has limited ventilation such that it may contain or produce a hazardous atmosphere.
Employers may provide confined space entry training to employees. Employers must ensure that employees are informed about and trained on how to enter a confined space. The employer must also ensure that workers are educated on all of the potential dangers in a confined space.
Confined Space Entry for Oil & Gas Industry
Confined spaces are very dangerous for people who work in this type of industry such as oil and gas. These spaces contain pressure that can be hazardous to workers because of possible explosions or the high levels of toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide.
It’s critical to understand what chemicals and substances are present in hazardous environments before going in.
- Do not go if it’s too dangerous
- Make sure you are aware of the dangers involved
- If needed, have someone competent show you how to do the job safely
- If there is no other way but to enter, make sure you have all the necessary equipment to do so
When you’re entering a confined area, follow these guidelines: check for hazards beforehand, make sure you have enough air, only allow one person at a time, and keep others nearby in case of an emergency.
WHAT MAKES A CONFINED SPACE DANGEROUS?
A confined space is not necessarily dangerous, and may be classified as unclassified or class I, II or III. Class I being the least likely to have danger and class III being the most likely. A permit-required confined space must be evaluated prior to entry by a competent person. This evaluation should include at least:
- Relative ease of rescue in the event of an emergency (for example, use ladder or ropes)
- Atmospheric hazards that could be encountered
- Potential for engulfment in case the space contains a liquid or similar material
- All other foreseeable harm that could result from entry
- Potential for isolation of a confined space (such as the availability of telephones or radios)
A competent person is required to perform a hazard assessment and develop a written plan for safe entry into permit-required confined spaces. The methods used in the plan must be appropriate to the confined space and take into account all aspects of the hazards present.
Before working in a confined space, understanding the elements that define a confined space is important to reduce risk of injury or death. Adherence to safety procedures also helps to keep workers protected from potentially hazardous environments.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A NON-PERMIT REQUIRED CONFINED SPACE AND A PERMIT-REQUIRED CONFINED SPACE?
Non-permit required confined spaces are potentially dangerous, but not as much as a permit required. The need for rescue in non-permit requires is not really needed because the consequences of lack of oxygen or gases are not that serious.
Permit required confined space precautions:
- Rescue and emergency equipment on standby
- Communication between entry team and standby person
- Confined space entry plan
- Entry permit requirements
- Authorized entrants only
- Competent person for testing confined spaces
- Atmospheric testing before entry
- Proper training
- Emergency rescue procedures
Characteristics of dangerous atmospheres in confined spaces:
- Temperature, hot or cold
- Oxygen deficiency
- Toxic atmospheres
- Flammable gas, vapor, mist
- Displacement of atmospheric oxygen
WHY IS ATMOSPHERIC TESTING IMPORTANT BEFORE ENTERING A CONFINED SPACE?
Atmospheric testing can determine if conditions inside the confined space are potentially hazardous. Before entry into a confined space workers should do an atmosphere check to make sure that there are no dangers of dangerous gases or lack of oxygen.
IS COMPANY SAFETY OFFICER PRESENCE REQUIRED BEFORE ENTERING A CONFINED SPACE?
No, company safety officers should not be present before people enter a confined space. But, they should be outside the entry point and ready to assist if needed when workers need to evacuate the confined space.
WHEN IS A RESCUE NECESSARY FOR THOSE WORKING IN CONFINED SPACES?
Rescue may be needed when there is no way out, when hazards block an exit or when a person becomes incapacitated.
WHAT ARE THE DANGERS OF EXPOSURE TO HYDROGEN SULFIDE RELATING TO CONFINED SPACE IN SHIPS?
- Breathing the gas in large quantities can lead to sudden death
- The gas is denser than air so it pools low and close to the floor
- Ships are confined spaces
WHAT ARE THE ATMOSPHERIC TESTING PRECAUTIONS FOR CONFINED SPACES?
- The test should be done by a person who is familiar with the hazards in the space and knows how to use test equipment properly
- Only atmospheric tests that are designed for this purpose may be used
- The equipment must have an audible alarm that sounds when dangerous levels of gases or lack of oxygen are detected
HOW TO RESCUE SOMEONE FROM A CONFINED SPACE?
- Do not rush, remove the person calmly and carefully
- Have an available worker call for help
- Get extra equipment ready
- Take off anything that might hinder rescuing efforts
- Warn everyone about possible dangers
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Confined Space Entry Training Online
Our interactive courses are 100% online and can work from any location on any device which allows you the flexibility to complete your training at your time and convenience. A printable certificate of completion is available at the end of the course.